New Education Policy was launched on Wednesday, July 29. Earlier, in the afternoon the Union cabinet approved the policy that aims to overhaul the country’s education system. Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, made the announcement on the NEP- 2020. Earlier on May 1, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had reviewed the NEP- 2020, for which draft was prepared by a panel of experts led by former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chief K Kasturirangan. The NEP 2020 aims at making “India a global knowledge superpower”.The new academic session will begin in September-October – the delay is due to the unprecedented coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreak – and the government aims to introduce the policy before the new session kicks in.
NEP 2020: School complexes to be used for adult education courses after school hours
Use of schools/ school complexes beyond school hours and public library spaces for adult education courses which will be ICT-equipped when possible and for other community engagement and enrichment activities
NEP 2020: More focus on vocational studies in school- level
Every child to learn at least one vocation and exposed to several more. Sampling of important vocational crafts, such as carpentry, electric work, metal work, gardening, pottery making, etc., as decided by States and local communities during Grades 6-8.
By 2025, at least 50% of learners through the school and higher education system shall have exposure to vocational education. A 10-day bagless period sometime during Grades 6-8 to intern with local vocational experts such as carpenters, gardeners, potters, artists, etc.
NEP 2020: NIOS to develop high quality modules for Indian Sign Language
NIOS will develop high-quality modules to teach Indian Sign Language, and to teach other basic subjects using Indian Sign Language.
NEP 2020: Pre- school section in Kendriya Vidyalayas
Pre-school sections covering at least one year of early childhood care and education will be added to Kendriya Vidyalayas and other primary schools around the nation, particularly in disadvantaged areas.
NEP 2020: NCC wings in secondary and higher secondary schools under Ministry of Defence
Under the aegis of the Ministry of Defence, State Governments may encourage opening NCC wings in their secondary and higher secondary schools, including those located in tribal dominated areas
NEP 2020: Free boarding facilities in JNV
Free boarding facilities will be built – matching the standard of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas particularly for students who from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds
NEP 2020: Dedicated unit for digital and online learning.
A dedicated unit for the purpose of orchestrating the building of digital infrastructure, digital content and capacity building will be created in the MHRD to look after the e-education needs of both school and higher education. A comprehensive set of recommendations for promoting online education consequent to the recent rise in epidemics and pandemics in order to ensure preparedness with alternative modes of quality education whenever and wherever traditional and in-person modes of education are not possible, has been covered
NEP 2020: National Scholarship portal for SC, ST, OBC, SEDGs students to be expanded
Efforts will be made to incentivize the merit of students belonging to SC, ST, OBC, and other SEDGs. The National Scholarship Portal will be expanded to support, foster, and track the progress of students receiving scholarships. Private HEIs will be encouraged to offer larger numbers of free ships and scholarships to their students.
NEP 2020: Minimum qualification for teaching – 4 year integrated B.Ed degree
A new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education, NCFTE 2021, will be formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT. By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree .Stringent action will be taken against substandard stand-alone Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs).
NEP 2020: HECI- Common regulatory body for entire higher education
Higher Education Commission of India(HECI) will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body the for entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education. HECI to have four independent verticals – National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation, General Education Council (GEC ) for standard setting, Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding, and National Accreditation Council( NAC) for accreditation.
NEP 2020: Various new provisions for children with disabilities
Children with disabilities will be enabled to fully participate in the regular schooling process from the foundational stage to higher education, with support of educators with cross disability training, resource centres, accommodations, assistive devices, appropriate technology-based tools and other support mechanisms tailored to suit their needs. Every state/district will be encouraged to establish “Bal Bhavans” as a special daytime boarding school, to participate in art-related, career-related, and play-related activities. Free school infrastructure can be used as Samajik Chetna Kendras
NEP 2020: Education sector to get 6% of GDP, earlier it was 1.7%
Rajya Sabha MP, Subramanian Swamy tweeted, “I welcome the new Education Policy of the Modi government. I had a discussion with the MoHD earlier which I had tweeted. My suggestion was the Education must get 6% of GDP not the present 1.7%. This has been accepted in the new Policy. My congrats.”
NEP 2020: Bag- less days encouraged
Bagless days will be encouraged throughout the year for various types of enrichment activities involving arts, quizzes, sports, and vocational crafts.
NEP 2020: Three language learned by children will be the choice of state, regions and students
The three-language learned by children will be the choices of States, regions, and of the students, so long as at least two of the three languages are native to India.
NEP 2020: Medium of instruction will be the local/ regional language
Wherever possible, the medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother tongue/local language/regional language.
NEP 2020: Indian Sign Language to be standardised across the country
Indian Sign Language (ISL) will be standardized across the country, and National and State curriculum materials developed, for use by students with hearing impairment
NEP 2020: No hard separation of streams for students
Students will be given increased flexibility and choice of subjects to study, particularly in secondary school – including subjects in physical education, the arts and crafts, and vocational skills. There will be no hard separation among ‘curricular’, ‘extracurricular’, or ‘co-curricular’, among ‘arts’, ‘humanities’, and ‘sciences’, or between ‘vocational’ or ‘academic’ streams.
Subjects such as physical education, the arts and crafts, and vocational skills, in addition to science, humanities, and mathematics, will be incorporated throughout the school curriculum. Each of the four stages of school education, may consider moving towards a semester or any other system that allows the inclusion of shorter modules
NEP 2020: Experiential learning in all stages
Experiential learning will include hands-on learning, arts-integrated and sports-integrated education, story-telling-based pedagogy, among others, as standard pedagogy . Classroom transactions will shift, towards competency-based learning and education
NEP 2020: Content will focus on idea, application, problem- solving
The mandated content will focus on key concepts, ideas, applications, and problem-solving. Teaching and learning will be conducted in a more interactive manner
New Education Policy 2020: Curriculum content to be reduced
Curriculum content will be reduced in each subject to its core essentials, and make space for critical thinking and more holistic, inquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning.
NEP 2020: NIOS, open schools to offer courses for grades 3,5 and 8
NIOS and State Open Schools will also offer A, B and C levels that are equivalent to Grades 3, 5, and 8 of the formal school system; secondary education programs that are equivalent to Grades 10 and 12; vocational education courses/programs; and adult literacy and life-enrichment programs.
NEP 2020: Nutrition and health cards, regular health check-ups for school students
The nutrition and health (including mental health) of children will be addressed, through healthy meals and regular health check-ups, and health cards will be issued to monitor the same.
NEP 2020: National Mission on Foundation Literacy and Numeracy to be set up by MHRD
A National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy will be set up by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) on priority.
NEP 2020: Early childhood care and education curriculum (ECCEC) to be carried out by MHRD, WCD, HFW, tribal affairs
The planning and implementation of early childhood care and education curriculum (ECCEC) will be carried out jointly by the Ministries of HRD, Women and Child Development (WCD), Health and Family Welfare (HFW), and Tribal Affairs.
NEP 2020: Preparatory class Balavatika for children below the age of 5
Prior to the age of 5 every child will move to a “Preparatory Class” or “Balavatika” (that is, before Class 1), which has an ECCE-qualified teacher.
NEP 2020: Tech- based option for adult learning through apps, TV channels etc
Quality technology-based options for adult learning such as apps, online courses/modules, satellite-based TV channels, online books, and ICT-equipped libraries and Adult Education Centres, etc. will be developed.
NEP 2020: Variable models for board exams – annual, semester, modular exams
Boards may over time also develop further viable models of Board Exams, such as – annual/semester/modular Board Exams; offering all subjects beginning with mathematics, at two levels; two parts exams or objective type and descriptive type.
NEP 2020: NTA to offer common entrance exam
The National Testing Agency (NTA) will offer a high-quality common aptitude test, as well as specialized common subject exams in the sciences, humanities, languages, arts, and vocational subjects, at least twice every year for university entrance exams.
NEP 2020: 360 degree holistic report card for students
Students will get 360 degree holistic report card, which will not only inform about the marks obtained by them in subjects, but also their skills and other important points.
NEP 2020: Importance of board exam to be reduced, exam can be conducted twice a year
In order to reduce the importance and stress of board exam, exam will be conducted in two parts: Objective and descriptive. Exam can be conducted twice a year. Board exam should promote knowledge application rather than rote learning, she added.
NEP 2020: Coding to be taught from class 6 onwards
Students of class 6 and onwards will be taught coding in schools as a part of 21st century skills, school education secretary said.
NEP 2020: National Curricular and pedagogical framework to be developed by NCERT
A National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) for children up to the age of 8 will be developed by NCERT, Anita karwal, school education secretary said
NEP 2020: Financial Autonomy to be given to 45K affiliated colleges
There are over 45,000 affiliated colleges in our country. Under Graded Autonomy, Academic, Administrative & Financial Autonomy will be given to colleges, on the basis of the status of their accreditation: Amit Khare Higher Education Secretary
NEP 2020: E-content in regional language
There will e- content in regional language apart from English and Hindi, said Khare. E courses to be in eight major languages not just English and Hindi
NEP 2020: New Pedagogical and curricular structure
The extant 10+2 structure in school education will be modified with a new pedagogical and curricular restructuring of 5+3+3+4 covering ages 3-18. Currently, children in the age group of 3-6 are not covered in the 10+2 structure as Class 1 begins at age 6. In the new 5+3+3+4 structure, a strong base of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) from age 3 is also included.
NEP 2020: Multiple entry and exit programme
We aims at 50% gross enrolment ratio by 2035. There will be a multiple entry and exit options for those who wish to leave the course in the middle. Their credits will be transferred through Academic Bank of Credits, said Amit Khare, secretary of education ministry.
NEP 2020: PM approves to new policy for 21st century after 34 years: Javadekar
Cabinet under Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given approval to a new education policy for the 21st century. It is important, as for 34 years there were no changes in the education policy: Union Minister Prakash Javadekar
NEP 2020: Education Policy modified after over 30 years
After over 30 years this change has been brought, says Javadekar. The education policy was released in the year 1986.
NEP 2020: Press conference to launch New Education Policy begins
Press conference to launch New Education Policy has begun. Information and broadcasting minister Prakash Javadekar and HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank are addressing the media
NEP 2020: Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) proposed
New Education Policy proposes the setting up of an Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) while also laying significant emphasis on Sanskrit and other Indian languages.
NEP 2020: National Research Foundation (NRF) to be established
A National Research Foundation (NRF) will be established. The overarching goal of an NRF will be to enable a culture of research to permeate through universities. The NRF will be governed, independently of the government, by a rotating Board of Governors consisting of the very best researchers and innovators across fields.
NEP 2020: National Committee for integration of vocation Education -Lok Vidya
Lok Vidya’, i.e., important vocational knowledge developed in India, will be made accessible to students. The education ministry, would constitute a National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Education (NCIVE)
NEP 2020: Best universities to set up campuses in other countries
High performing Indian universities will be encouraged to set up campuses in other countries. Selected universities like those from among the top 100 universities in the world will be facilitated to operate in India.
NEP 2020: HRD Ministry to be renamed as education ministry
“The policy draft has been approved. The Ministry has been renamed as Education Ministry,” a senior HRD Ministry official said.
NEP 2020: MHRD and information broadcasting minister to launch shortly
Ministers of HRD and information and broadcasting will jointly launch the NEP 2020 shortly
NEP 2020: International Students Office at each institution hosting foreign students
New Education Policy 2020 aims at promotion India as a global study destination providing premium education at affordable costs. An International Students Office at each institution hosting foreign students will be set up.
NEP 2020: New Education Policy 2020: Academic Bank to store credits
An Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) shall be established which would digitally store the academic credits earned
NEP 2020: Undergraduate degree courses to have multiple exit options
The undergraduate degree courses will be of either 3 or 4- year duration, with multiple exit options. A certificate course after completing 1 year in a discipline or field, including vocational and professional areas, or a diploma after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor’s degree after a 3-year programme. The 4-year multidisciplinary Bachelor’s programme, however, shall be the preferred option.
NEP 2020: IITs to become multidisciplinary institution, opening doors for humanities students
Even engineering institutions, such as IITs, will move towards more holistic and multidisciplinary education with more arts and humanities. Students of arts and humanities will aim to learn more science.
NEP 2020: What is multidisciplinary institution
A university will mean a multidisciplinary institution that offers undergraduate and graduate programmes, with high quality teaching, research, and community engagement.
NEP 2020: One large multidisciplinary institution in or near every district by 2030
NEP aims at setting up at least one large multidisciplinary institution in or near every district by the year 2030.
NEP 2020: All higher education institute to become multidisciplinary institutions
By 2040, all higher education institutions (HEIs) shall aim to become multidisciplinary institutions, each of which will aim to have 3,000 or more students
NEP 2020: New academic session to begin in September- October
The new academic session will begin in September-October – the delay is due to the unprecedented coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreak – and the government aims to introduce the policy before the new session begins.
New Education Policy 2020 to bring major changes in country
New Education Policy will bring a slew of major changes including allowing top foreign universities to set up campuses to India, a greater proportion of students getting vocational education and a move towards institutes including IITs turning multi-disciplinary
New Education Policy releasing today at 4 pm
Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B)Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank will release the New Education Policy 2020 at 4 pm today.