Humanoid robotics is a new and challenging research field that has gotten a lot of attention in recent years. Humanoid robots, despite being one of the smallest groups on the market today, have the greatest potential to become the future industrial tool and will continue to play a central role in robotics research and many 21st-century applications.
Understanding human-like information processing and the human brain’s underlying mechanisms in dealing with the real world is one of the common issues addressed in humanoid robotics. They are currently expected to serve as companions and assistants in daily life, as well as ultimate aid in man-made and natural disasters.
In this post, we will see the top 5 advanced humanoid robots
Sophia is a social humanoid robot developed by Hanson Robotics company’s founder, Dr. David Hanson. Since its launch in 2016 with its first public appearance at South by Southwest Festival (SXSW), Sophia has become a media favorite, featuring her on numerous high-profile interviews, events and panel discussions worldwide.
Sophia is a highly sought-after speaker at business conclaves and has faced several key decision-makers. In October 2017, Sophia became the first robot to receive citizenship from any country and was named the world’s first U.N. Innovation Champion. Sophia embodies Hepburn’s classic beauty, according to Hanson Robotics: porcelain skin, slender nose, high cheekbones, an intriguing smile, and deeply expressive eyes that seem to change color with light.
Boston Dynamics Atlas
Atlas is a bipedal humanoid robot developed by DARPA, a U.S. Department of Defense agency, Boston Dynamics. 1.8-meter (6 ft) robot is designed for DARPA Robot Challenge. Atlas has come a long way since July 2013 unveiled. The second Atlas generation could walk on snow, pick up boxes, and stand up alone after falling down, which humanoids are known to do now and then. Atlas developed the ability to jump on boxes and do backflips in 2017, and in 2018, when Atlas crossed grass on uneven terrain and jumped over boxes.
In 2018, Chinese company UBTech unveiled Walker as a bipedal robot. One year later, Walker appeared with a refined torso, two arms, two hands and a head to become a full-scale humanoid robot nearly five feet tall and 170 lb. Walker’s new version has the ability to grasp and manipulate objects, improve self-balancing, smooth, stable walking in difficult environments, and multi-modal interaction including voice, vision, and touch. Walker uses 36 actuators with proprietary Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) capabilities to plan paths and avoid obstacles.
Toyota T-HR3 is a brand-new, third-generation humanoid robot It’s 1.5-meter tall, weighs 75 kilograms, and has torque-controlled freedom of 32 degrees plus a pair of 10 fingered hands. T-HR3 is designed to be a platform with capabilities that can safely assist people in a variety of settings, including home, medical facilities, construction sites, disaster-stricken areas and outer space. Toyota’s overall mission is to support doctors, caregivers and patients, the elderly and disabled.
T-HR3 is controlled by a Master Maneuvering System that allows the robot’s entire body to be instinctively operated with wearable controls that map the robot’s hand, arm and foot movements and a head-mounted display that allows users to see from the robot’s perspective.
Honda E2-DR is a disaster response robot that can navigate through dangerous, complex environments. It looks humanoid, heavier and tougher than Honda’s Asimo, first presented in 2000. E2-DR is designed to act as a rescuer in a range of situations deemed too dangerous for human rescuers, such as in areas with high background radiation or in a structurally unsound, badly damaged building.
E2-DR is 1.68 m tall, 85 kg. It can walk upright at 4.3 km/h, crawl up to 2 km/h on all fours like a gorilla, climb steps and ladders. It is equipped with a range of sensors to navigate its potentially hazardous environments, including three LED-equipped cameras, rotating laser rangefinders, infrarot projectors and embedded 3D cameras. These sensors enable the robot to handle tricky terrains and obstacles, stepping over pipes, and crawling through debris.